The Adanse is presently part of Asante, believed to be were the creation of the world began. Adanse was also made up of a number of independent states forming a coalition.
In the sixteenth century, their leader Awirade Basa aimed to unite the Adanse. A sword was created by Awirade Basa being a symbol for Adanse unity. The sword was held by the person who led the men to war. In the time of peace the holder of the sword was not conceived as a ruler. Adanse was subject to many wars and conflicts, resulting in the separation of its people to other home lands...
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One of the first people to emigrate from Bono was the Akwamu. They headed south settling in Twifo-Heman. They gained much of their wealth from trading with European merchants. At the start of the seventeenth century contention constrained the people led by one of their rivals, known as Otumfuo Asare, to abandon Twifo-Heman. Akwamu later expanded, dominating trade between
..European forts in Winneba and Accra. During 1710 Akwamu grown to become the largest Akan empire. King Ansa Sasraku ruling from 1660 to 1689, fought wars of expansion. He maintained amicable trading relations with European merchants. It is believed that by 1730, Akwamu was defeated by Akyem loosing its power. However as recorded, in 1744 the Akwamu sold a copious quantity of slaves that were traded inland. During the eighteenth century, Akwamu lost its greatness and reputation.
During the nineteenth century Asante covered majority of Ghana, influencing other Akan states. Asante was under the rule of Osei Tutu in the eighteenth century, lasting up to the nineteenth century. Asante have been able to continue to be the core of Akan culture and civilisation.
The Akyem composed of Abuakwa, Kotoku and Bosome. The three states of Akyem have separate histories. However the three states originate from Adanse and may have primarily come from Bono. The Akyem maintained their land by defending their region against the Asante and Akwamu.
Awowin, Nzima, Sehwi and Wasa
The Nzima originate from the North, in Bono or Adanse, settling in the fifteenth century. This was recorded by the Portuguese, who traded with the white people arriving to the country in the fifteenth century. During the nineteenth century Nzima was one region until the deportation of the ruler Kaku Akaa.
Awowin dominated a territory in the West until the seventeenth century, until it was reduced. Due to the decline of Denkyira in the eighteenth century Awowin regained its independence. Awowin separated in the nineteenth century by the French and British.
Sehwi composed of a number of states, despite this they remained as one community. They celebrated one common festival being the Alieolie or Eluo.
The Wiawso was established by the people from Wasa Amemfi being led by Obumankoma.
Sehwi were slaves from of Denkyira. After Denkyira was defeated by Asante, Sehwi gained their independence but soon were taken over by Asante. Sehwi was rich in gold, ivory and rubber that led to their prosperity.
Text Copyright F.K Buah - "A History Of Ghana"