The Mole- Dagbani
The Mole-Dagbane originated from one common ancestor. It is believed that the land was preoccupied by the Mamprusi, Mossi and Dagomba deriving from smaller communities. From the twelfth century A.D., warriors invaded northern Ghana. Using their power of rule on the natives...
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The Mamprusi and Mossi
Bawa (Gbewa) the grandson of Tohajie settled in Mamprugu or Mamprusi. Bawa was able to rule over the primitive people of the land. Mamprusi became the core of the separation of the Mole-Dagbani people. This was due to disputes resulting in the Bawa emigrating in various directions for new home lands. Mossi and Dagomba view Mamprusi as the eldest of state.
Sitibo one of Bawa's sons founded Dagbon. Dagdon became prosperous due to trade, until the eleventh ruler, Darizigo. Due to findings by archaeologist at the ancient capital of Dagbon there is evidence of high civilisation indicating that the people were able to erect buildings and form underground water tanks.
The Mande discovered Gonja, led by Ndewura Jakpa. He defeated the Dagomba ruler in 1620, enforcing them to move east to Yendi. Scholars discovered a document recorded in Arabic, reporting the history of the capital of Gonja known as Salaga, and the ruler of Gonja. Who ruled at the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century. Jakpa is remembered by his people as a great leader.
Government of the Mole-Dagbane States
The Mole-Dagbane was made up of many establishments. However the political organisations of the Mamprusi, Dagomba and Gonja differentiated from the Mossi territories. The rulers were from the eastern warriors led by Tohajie or the Mande. They enforced political power on the native people they discovered
Islam (See Larabanga Mosque and Wa-Naa Chief palace)
Northern Ghana was receptive to Islam, becoming a state of religion. The Islam teachings and practices interfaced the economic, social and political establishments.
The followers of Islam are known as Muslims who recognise five duties of the Islamic law. The early Muslims spread their religion with those they traded. As a result the Muslim merchants gained economic power through gaining respect from rulers. It is believed that Islam was introduced to the Upper and Northern Regions of Ghana no later than the fifteenth century.
The Ga and Adangbe (Read also Here)
The Ga and Adangbe are related, originally deriving from one tribe. This is evident as they both speak similar dialects however the Adangbe being the oldest localism. The significant traditions are the personification of priests, the custom of circumcision and the order of child naming. The Ga-Adangbe originated from the East , believed to be from Nigeria. The Ga kingdom may have been established before the arrival of the Portuguese.
The Ga were attracted to the European merchants and started to immigrate to the coast in the seventeenth century. The longest and one of the greatest Ga rulers was Okai Koi who reined from 1610 to 1660.
He committed suicide after his defeat at the Battle of Nyantrabi. His son, Ashangmo continued the war against the Akwamu until 1680 where he was defeated. From 1680 to 1730 Galand was under the rule of the Akwamu. As the Akwamu rule began to decline many of the Ga people returned to their home lands. * The Ga people are now known for their "Fantasy Coffins".
The Ewe (Read also Here)
The Ewe was made up of small kingdoms. The Ewe is believed to have descendent from east of the River Niger, travelling westwards. The Ewe separated into various directions constituting independent kingdoms in Togo and Ghana. They immigrated progressively, to Palime (Togo), Hohoe, Kpando and Peki. The Peki settlers were referred to as the main Ewe, related to the Anglo, immigrated to the cost. The Anglo established their kingdom by the eighteenth century and were wealthy from trading with their inland tribe, the Danes and other European merchants.
In 1750 Anglo were at war due to hostility with the people of Adaa. Anglo were defeated by Adaa, however were able to revenge their defeat. During 1783 the Anglo were in conflict with the Danes, resulting in defeat. The Anglo signed a treaty with the Danes in 1784, complying to open all trade routes for the northern regions trading with the white persons.
The Danish sold their possessions to the British in 1850. Angloland then became part of Ghana.
Denmark was the first European nation to abolish the slave trade, in 1802.
The North of Ewe, the Volta Region was attached to Germany.
In 1921 the Volta Region went to the British under the League of Nations.
See also: History of Ho and Volta region of Ghana
Text Copyright F.K Buah - A History Of Ghana